Supervision Issues and Recommendations

Response Continuum



What Kind of Supervision is required for persons engaging in animal abuse?

One of the first things to consider in improving responses to animal abuse is defining outcomes as reduced recidivism, meaning fewer  human and animals victims.

Supervision plans should be based on integrated analysis of  the following areas:

  • examination of a client’s blameworthiness/culpablity
  • overall public safety risk to humans and animals
  • follow principles of risk, need and responsivity
  • response to supervision

The following general  “typological” categories can be used as a framework for intervention * :

Criminogenic Needs

  • Personal Responsibility / Accountability to Others
  • Cognitive Behavioral Learning
  • Consequences (teach cause and effect)
  • Criminal Justice oversight and supervision


  • Improved Self-mastery / Self-concept
  • Empowerment/Support
  • Resiliency
  • Therapeutic Oversight


  • Structured Routines
  • Medications
  • Repetition / Learning and Life Management
  • Therapeutic and Psycho-medical oversight


* In general, a diagnostic model informs us about the intervention priorities: For example, for someone whose mental health issues are directly related to the cause of their abusive behavior, intervention and supervision plans must support the direct response to these primary mental health needs. In contrast, individuals with a pattern of violation of others, emerging criminogenic attitudes and actions should be actively engaged in the criminal justice system using treatment interventions and supervision models geared to persons with conduct or anti-social profiles. Individuals with overlapping typologies and require a balanced approach of interventions based on factors of risk, need and responsivity.